You don’t remember the first test you ever passed, here’s why. It was the Apgar Score and it’s given to newborns to measure their transition to life outside their mother’s womb. Thanks to Dr. Virginia Apgar, all newborns are checked and tested to make sure they’re healthy.
Proof that girls can excel in science rests with Dr. Apgar’s story. Inspired by her father’s scientific hobbies and brothers with childhood illness, she graduated from high school in determined to be a doctor. Graduating fourth in her 1933 Columbia University Medical School class, Dr. Apgar went into anesthesia, a growing field during the Great Depression. As her career advanced, she studied obstetrical anesthesia—the effects of anesthesia given to a mother during labor on her newborn baby—where she made her greatest contribution to the field, the Apgar Score.